Clifford Glenwood Shull
Clifford G. Shull was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1915.
His parents were from farming sections of rural Perry County. He had a sister and a brother and was educated at what was then Carnegie Institute of Technology, living at home and commuting by street car. He had a half-tuition scholarship. His father died when he was 19 years old and he worked part time to pay college expenses.
He attended New York University where he worked part time while he completed graduate studies, and he participated in physics research on electron double scattering experiments, which provided the material for his doctoral thesis. He married his college sweetheart and took a job with a research laboratory at Beacon New York, of the Texas Company, right before WWII.
He researched the microstructure of petroleum fuels and lubricants. After the war, he moved with his family to Oak Ridge, Tennessee and began his work with Wollan on nuclear difraction patterns of powders and materials. He remained at Oak Ridge National Laboratory until he took a teaching position at MIT in 1955.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1994 jointly with Brockhouse, who had done separate but similar work on neutron scattering.
He died in 2001.