Pearl Sydenstricker Buck
Pearl Buck was born in 1892, the fourth of seven children, in Hillsboro, West Virginia to Southern Presbyterian Missionaries who were home on furlough.
At three months, she was taken to China by her parents. She grew up speaking both English and Chinese. Her parents returned to West Virginia in 1900, the year of the Boxer Rebellion. She attended college in Lynchburg, Virginia.
Pearl Buck is known as a winner of both the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize for Literature. She published more than seventy books, several of which were made into movies.
She spent nearly forty years living abroad but retired to a farm in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. She died in 1973, and her farmhouse is now on the National Register of Historic Buildings.