Rachel Louise Carson
Rachel Carson was born in Springdale, Pennsylvania in 1907. She attended the Pennsylvania College for Women, studied at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory, and received her MA in zoology at Johns Hopkins.
She had a 15 year career at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service that combined her ability to write and her love of nature. She authored The Silent Spring in 1962, warning about the misuse of pesticides and the possibly irreversible damage to the environment that could result. She was attacked by many in the chemical industry and by some in government for her views but refused to back down.
She testified before congress in 1963, and died in 1964 of breast cancer. She has been called one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century. Her work played a large part in bringing environmental awareness to the general public.