Rosa Lee Parks
Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama in 1913. Her father was a carpenter and her mother was a teacher. She grew up on her grandparents’ farm near Montgomery and attended the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls.
She attended the Alabama State Teachers College, married, and joined the NAACP. She achieved lasting fame by refusing to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery to a white person. This action sparked a 382-day boycott led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., then a young pastor in Montgomery. The case went to the United States Supreme Court and led to federal desegregation throughout the South.
In interviews, she recalled the era before the Civil Rights movement as being one of fear. Many date the beginnings of the modern Civil Rights era to the action of Rosa Parks.